Meira Kumar: The First Dalit Woman Speaker of Lok Sabha

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In the annals of India’s political history, certain individuals stand out as trailblazers who shattered long-standing barriers and forged paths for generations to follow. One such remarkable figure is Meira Kumar, who made history by becoming India’s first Dalit woman Speaker of Lok Sabha. Her journey from humble beginnings to the highest office of the lower house of Parliament is a testament to her resilience, unwavering commitment to social justice, and dedication to the democratic ideals of India.

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Meira Kumar: The First Dalit Woman Speaker of Lok Sabha

Meira Kumar, born on March 31, 1945, in Patna, India, is an Indian politician and former diplomat. She served as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament, from 2009 to 2014, becoming the first woman and the first Dalit woman to hold that position. 

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Early Life and Career :

Kumar was born into a political family. Her father, Jagjivan Ram, was a prominent Dalit leader and served as the Deputy Prime Minister of India. Kumar graduated from the University of Delhi and later earned a law degree from the University of London. In 1973, she joined the Indian Foreign Service and served in various diplomatic positions for over a decade. 

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Political Career :

Kumar entered politics in 1985 and joined the Indian National Congress party. She was elected to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament, for the first time in 1985 from a constituency in Uttar Pradesh state. She was re-elected four more times from different constituencies in Bihar, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh]. 

Meira Kumar with Sania Gandhi


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Kumar held several ministerial positions in the Indian government, including Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment and Minister of Water Resources. In 2009, she was elected as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, a position she held until 2014. 

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Significance of Meira Kumar’s Election :

Meira Kumar’s election as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha was significant for several reasons. She was the first woman to hold that position, breaking a long-standing tradition of male speakers. Additionally, Kumar was the first Dalit woman to hold such a high position in the Indian government.

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As Speaker, Meira Kumar presided over parliamentary proceedings with grace and impartiality. Her tenure was marked by a commitment to maintaining the decorum of the house while ensuring that all members’ voices, regardless of their political affiliation, were heard and respected. She played a vital role in upholding the democratic values that form the bedrock of India’s political system.

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Kumar’s election was seen as a step forward for women and Dalits in Indian politics. It was also a recognition of her long and distinguished career in public service. 


meira kumar on the chair of speacker of the loksabha

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Legacy :

Meira Kumar’s legacy as the first Dalit woman Speaker of the Lok Sabha is an inspiration to many women and Dalits in India. Her election shattered stereotypes and paved the way for more women and Dalits to enter politics and hold positions of power. 

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Kumar’s contribution to Indian politics and public service has been widely recognized. She has received several awards and honors, including the Padma Shri, one of India’s highest civilian awards. 

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Meira Kumar’s journey from a small village in Bihar to becoming India’s first Dalit woman Speaker of Lok Sabha is a testament to the transformative power of education, perseverance, and dedication to the principles of democracy. Her legacy continues to inspire individuals from all walks of life, demonstrating that in the world’s largest democracy, every citizen has the potential to make history and shape the nation’s future. Meira Kumar’s story is a story of India’s progress, inclusivity, and its unwavering commitment to social justice.





Written by – Aastha Monga

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